Rowntree A-Z

Samuel Tuke

Samuel Tuke (1784-1857), born in York, was the grandson of Henry Tuke, and son of William Tuke, who together both founded The Retreat in York in 1796. Samuel Tuke continued the work of his grandfather and father, helping to publicise the term ‘moral treatment’, and the work being carried out at The Retreat, in his book Description of the Retreat. Along with Joseph Rowntree, he founded the Friends Provident Institution in 1832 in Bradford. He is buried at the Quaker burial ground within the grounds of The Retreat.

Pictured to the right is Samuel Tuke’s House in York on Lawrence Street.


Tuke, Samuel [1813] (1996). Description of the Retreat. London: Process Press. ISBN 1-899209-04-2

External Links

Support Us

Our work is enabled by grant funding from the Joseph Rowntree Foundation, the Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust, and the Joseph Rowntree Reform Trust. If you would like to make a financial donation to further support our work, it is easy to pay online (with or without Gift Aid) by clicking the link below. You can get in touch with us about other ways of giving via