Quick Fact Rowntree A-Z

Samuel Tuke

Samuel Tuke (1784-1857), born in York, was the grandson of Henry Tuke, and son of William Tuke, who together both founded The Retreat in York in 1796. Samuel Tuke continued the work of his grandfather and father, helping to publicise the term ‘moral treatment’, and the work being carried out at The Retreat, in his book Description of the Retreat. Along with Joseph Rowntree, he founded the Friends Provident Institution in 1832 in Bradford. He is buried at the Quaker burial ground within the grounds of The Retreat.

Pictured to the right is Samuel Tuke’s House in York on Lawrence Street.


Tuke, Samuel [1813] (1996). Description of the Retreat. London: Process Press. ISBN 1-899209-04-2

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